The Most Famous Advanced Persistent Threats in History

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Duqu was discovered in 2011 and named after the prefix ~DQ, given to the names of the files it creates. The code has been found in a limited number of enterprises, including those involved in the manufacturing of industrial control systems.

Analysis showed it to be very similar to Stuxnet, suggesting that it was created by the same authors or a source that had access to the Stuxnet source code. Server addresses were scattered across many countries, including Germany, Belgium, the Philippines, India and China, suggesting that some sites were selected to help mask the real source of the attacks.

Many of today’s most destructive advanced persistent threats (APTs) were conceived a decade ago, so enterprises that rely on most traditional approaches to cybersecurity are unlikely to succeed against the next generation of attacks. This is one of the cautions in a new book published by global IT association ISACA in cybersecurity awareness month.

Advanced Persistent Threats: How to Manage the Risk to Your Business advises that traditional defenses such as firewalls and anti-malware are not up to the challenge of today’s APTs and that organizations need to add skills, processes and technology to their cybersecurity arsenal.

While new tools are needed to combat ever changing security threats, it is helpful to examine the history of the APT, because it is possible to derive many important lessons for defending against them in the future. The earliest use of the term “advanced persistent threat” emerged from the U.S. government sector in 2005, describing a new, deceptive form of attack that targeted selected employees and tricked them into downloading a file or accessing a website infected with Trojan horse software. This slideshow summarizes known facts, anecdotal evidence and reported claims behind some of the most well known attacks experienced over the last 15 years.

 

Related Topics : Unisys, Stimulus Package, Security Breaches, Symantec, Electronic Surveillance

 
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