A Call Center That Succeeds by (Gasp) Valuing Employees

Ann All

Many folks think it's a given that service quality declines when call center work is moved offshore. Earlier this summer I wrote about the difficulty of maintaining service quality here in the United States, where call centers typically experience sky-high churn rates. It's a big problem, considering the high costs of replacing employees. I cited a statistic from Paul Stockford, chief analyst at Saddletree Research and director of research for the National Association of Call Centers (NACC), who puts the cost of attrition at call centers at $5,466 per individual, based on a 2008 survey of 70 call centers.


And staffing gaps create tougher workloads and other stresses for the work force and often result in lower service quality.


Why do companies struggle to keep call center employees on the job? Many folks fault the working conditions at call centers, with some calling them "white-collar sweatshops." Though I think calling them "sweatshops" overstates the problem, I think it's fair to say many call centers see their workers as commodities and rarely consider employment conditions other than trying to figure out how to drive down costs.


But there are always exceptions to any rule. Vivek Wadhwa highlights an especially interesting call center company, Ohio-based iQor, in BusinessWeek. Its client roster includes Capital One, the BBC, DirecTV and MetroPCS Communications. (It might be a coincidence, but I've kept my Capital One credit card while canceling others largely because of the pleasant and efficient service I've received while resolving problems.) About half of iQor's 11,000 employees are based in the United States and it has added 3,000 workers here in the past four years.


Astoundingly, some of its front-line call center workers make $100,000 a year. ("That's not a typo," writes Wadhwa.) The earnings potential may help explain why iQor has a turnover rate of 45 percent, less than half the industry average. (Sadly, I don't think the average turnover rate is a typo, either.) In addition, iQor lays out career path programs that clearly illustrate a worker's road to advancement, promotes employees who started out working the phones to management positions, and offers all employees health insurance and benefits packages.


It sounds pretty simple. Job performance tends to improve when employees feel their contributions are valued. Compensation is an obvious way of showing it, but some companies boost employee morale with low-cost practices such as having an executive call workers and thank them for their efforts.


As Wadhwa notes, iQor also enlisted a labor economist and a psychologist to build a screening and aptitude test to designed to help the company find employees well suited to the work. Those hired through this screening process were about 50 percent more effective on customer calls than their peers who weren't screened. Instead of using headhunters, it pays its own employees for leads on potential hires. In the past four years, iQor employees have referred more than 7,000 people and the company has paid out more than $1 million in referral bonuses.


While people and processes are important, iQor has also invested in call center technology. It uses virtualization so it's (relatively) easy and cost-effective to run any of its customers' software applications.


Writes Wadhwa:

IQor's success is based on the realization that although call-center work has a bad reputation, it's actually complex labor that can be improved through better processes and technology. It's closer to accounting or law in its intricacy than it is to fast food. Complex jobs benefit markedly from better talent, and iQor hires skilled people that lead to better outcomes than if it had decided to ship jobs overseas.

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Add Comment      Leave a comment on this blog post
Sep 3, 2009 12:50 PM Steven Steven  says:

Hi Ann,

I live in Scotland working with one of the country's fastest growing software companies. I am bringing them to Silicon Valley on a study tour to discuss legacy issues, data migration etc. I read your excellent article and wondered if I could calll you to discuss this and pick your brain on who we could talk with when in town?



Sep 15, 2009 12:32 PM Kyla Kyla  says:

Call center work can be improved through better processes and technology. Interactive Intelligence, a global provider of unified IP business communications solutions, understands that getting the most out of our solutions depends on the knowledge levels of your system administrators and end-users, as well as the Partners we work with. Imagine your contact center solution as a single, all-in-one platform that blends all media types with your business rules in one unified system. http://www.inin.com

Jun 22, 2010 10:51 AM outsourcing tech support outsourcing tech support  says:

I agree. It is necessary to address the needs of call center agents constantly because their attitude will reflect on the way that they perform their jobs. Basically, this means that if your employees are happy, they will deliver great customer service, which will translate to customer satisfaction.

Jan 6, 2012 8:10 PM Christina Christina  says:

I work for IQOR, and although I agree that they are a better company than some I have worked for, the statement that they offer all employees benefits is simply untrue. I get zero benefits, not even paid time off. The referral business is also a bit tricky- you do not get paid for "leads", you get paid only if they hire the referral AND if they stay for at least one year. You continue to get paid every year as long as both you and your referral still work for the company. I believe this, more than any other reason, is why they have a low turnover rate.

Jan 31, 2013 7:22 PM iQempll iQempll  says:
I agree with Christina as an employee for iQor. Something to watch out for is their metrics and their technology addressed against the employees. The system that is utalized for timekeeping and is designed for iQor to make money off of the employee. If your system goes down and you do not follow their procedures, you are not getting paid and they will minute you to death for your time. It is impossible to get paid for a full 40-hr week with the system that iQor uses. The supervisors have very poor coaching and management does not keep their promises or follow through with any commitments.They make more money in training from their client base and harp on bonuses in the training process but your lucky if you ever see on bonus. The training definately needs improvement in all areas. The supervisors and management are trained to lie to their employees on a consistant basis. The smart and compasionate supervisors don't stick around (present included) because they have a heart. Reply
Apr 11, 2017 4:50 PM Daniel Daniel  says:
Well, call centers should first and foremost value their source of income. They should learn how to invest on people because good customer service reps are so invaluable. Would you rather have money or have money turn to stone. Your choice. Value your employees! :) Thanks for the good read Reply

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