The rationale for shared infrastructure is simple: Service providers and carriers increasingly seek to offer both wireless and wired services. Sharing as many infrastructure elements as possible reduces costs and increases efficiencies on multiple levels.
IoT networks are unique in that they will be worldwide and be required to function in areas, such as deserts and oceans, in which no established network exists. They will also have stringent power requirements.
Drones and balloons can be used to provide backup services in case of disaster; to supplement services at high use times, such as during popular sporting events; and to offer service economically to rural areas.
In addition to sheer numbers, the IoT must go everywhere. This includes the gaps between coverage in rural areas, unsettled areas, and over the seven oceans (and assorted seas, rivers and lakes) of the world.
The XPS PON and NG-PON2 updates to Gigabit PON technology are key tools to the goal of vendors and carriers to upgrade the capacity of the networks upon which they rely while spending as little money doing it as possible.
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