Enterprise architecture (EA) practitioners have a major role in ensuring their organizations maximize the business opportunities posed by big data, according to Gartner, Inc.
Big data makes organizations smarter and more productive by enabling people to harness diverse data types previously unavailable and to find previously unseen opportunities. However, Gartner analysts said big data poses big challenges as well — and that's where enterprise architects can help. As navigators of strategic change, the task for EA practitioners is to chart the right course for big data across the most critical dimensions of the organization: business, culture, talent and technology.
“Traditional approaches to EA are significantly impacted by big data,” said David Newman, research vice president at Gartner. “For the EA practitioner, the balance shifts from a focus on optimization and standardization within the organization, to lightweight approaches that focus on harmonization and externalization across the broader enterprise ecosystem. Big data disrupts traditional information architectures — from a focus on data warehousing (data storage and compression) toward data pooling (flows, links and information shareability). In the age of big data, the task for the EA practitioner is clear: Design business outcomes that exploit big data opportunities inside and outside the organization.
Gartner has identified four critical impacts of big data and how enterprise architects can address these issues.
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