First-party cookies are an understood and accepted part of using many of today's Web applications. When you go back into Amazon, for example, the site remembers you because you have a cookie on your machine. These cookies are not really controversial per se and anyway they are easily cleared. Third-party cookies, where companies share your purchasing practices across sites, using some form of advertising tracking cookie, allow Web applications to serve up personal content based on your behavior. This type of cookie raises some concerns about privacy because the behavior of the user is being tracked and stored.
Now Mykonos has come up with another use for cookies, this time definitely for good -- security cookies. According to Al Huizenga, director of product management, the cookies are used to protect enterprises' public-facing websites from abuse. The focus is to monitor user behavior and learn the patterns used to manipulate the website's applications to bypass the original intent. One of the examples of sites where security cookies are useful sites is where customers are buying tickets or booking a reservation. Abusive users, said Huizenga, will manipulate the sites to order more tickets or book more sites than allowed by the original application, which shuts out legitimate customers and hurts the overall business.
The security cookies allow the business to track the communications between the users and applications, and Mykonos specifically looks for abusive behavior at the site. Huizenga said:
Usually patterns and signatures are used to point out a situation that looks like an attack or if someone is in-putting code when they should actually be inputting text. We're trying to go a step further and recognize when a user is being abusive. We'll inject detection points into the application points that allow us to see if the user is trying to manipulate the forms or messing around with the URL string to see if they are doing something bad. That information gets added to that user's profile, and allows the company to track the user over time.
As threats get more sophisticated, Huizenga added, security organizations need more weapons and new approaches to fighting them. Tracking user behavior is a new tool to add to the more traditional security tools.